What is a Mushroom?
A mushroom (or toadstool) is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
The standard for the name “mushroom” is the cultivated white button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus; hence the word “mushroom” is most often applied to those fungi (Basidiomycota, Agaricomycetes) that have a stem (stipe), a cap (pileus), and gills (lamellae, sing. lamella) on the underside of the cap. These gills produce microscopic spores that help the fungus spread across the ground or its occupant surface.
“Mushroom” describes a variety of gilled fungi, with or without stems, and the term is used even more generally, to describe both the fleshy fruiting bodies of some Ascomycota and the woody or leathery fruiting bodies of some Basidiomycota, depending upon the context of the word.
What is a weed?
A weed is a plant which is considered to be harmful to the environment or animals, especially one which may be the subject of regulations governing attempts to control it. Noxious weeds are everyone’s problem because they diminish recreational activities, degrade wildlife habitat and negatively impact our economy. Currently Montana has 33 state listed noxious weed species.